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The Association Between Self-Compassion and Multidimensional Perfectionism Level Among Nursing Students
Mehr-Ul-Nisa*, M. Hussain1, M. Afzal1, Sayed Amir Gillani1
1Department of Nursing, University of Lahore, New Campus, Lahore, Pakistan
Background: Self-compassion means that feelings of kindness, love and understanding the feeling of pain when someone is in suffering. Self-compassion was described as a positive self-perception that was comprise with three interacting components: self-kindness vs. self-judgment (SK-SJ), common humanity vs. isolation (CH-ISOL) and mindfulness vs. over-identification (MIND-OI). Perfectionism can be considered as a positive trait related to elevated personal standards and high achievement and as a negative behaviours and symptoms such as depression and anxiety. Perfectionism has both a positive and a negative side in the part of human performance. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between self-compassion and multidimensional perfectionism levels among nursing students. Methods: A descriptive correlational study was conducted on 133 nursing students. Data was collected with a student data form, the Self-Compassion Scale and the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale. The one-way ANOVA and Pearsonís correlation analysis were used for data analysis. Results: The results show the total self-compassion means score was 3.64. This mean score indicates a high level of self-compassion (self-compassion scores: 1.0-2.5 is low, 2.5-3.5 is moderate, and 3.5-5.0 is high). The studentsí self-compassion subscale mean scores were: 3.71 for self-kindness, 3.52 for self-judgment, 3.70 for common humanity, 3.62 for isolation, 3.65 for mindfulness and 3.64 for over-identification. Self-judgment had the moderate score, and common humanity and self-kindness had the high scores. The total mean score of multidimensional perfectionism of nursing students was 5.03. The subscales mean scores were: self-oriented perfectionism, 5.00; others-oriented perfectionism 75.45, and socially-prescribed perfectionism 76.09. Socially prescribed perfectionism had the highest scores and self-oriented perfectionism had the lowest scores in multidimensional perfectionism. There was a statistically significant positive correlation between the self-compassion and perfectionism subscales. Conclusions: The result of this study shows that nursing students had a high level of total self-compassion. The total self-compassion levels of nursing students increased as their self-oriented, others-oriented and socially-prescribed perfectionism levels decreased.
Keywords: Nursing students; self-compassion; multidimensional perfectionism.
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Int. J. Grad. Res. Rev.Vol-5, Issue-2: 171-177