Sonographic Association of Renal Stones in Adults with Family History
Vishal Zulfiqar*, Sajid Shaheen Malik1, Annum Zulfiqar2, Syed Amir gilani1, Muhammad Yousaf Farooq1
1University Institute of Radiological and Medical Imaging Technologies, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
2Shaukat Khanam Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
Background: Renal stones are a stand out amongst the most widely recognized persistent kidney disease in Adults. Long term inconvenient consequences for the kidneys of the adult is one of the significant reasons for mortality. Ultrasonography (US) can recognize 90% of stones present in the kidney; although the sensitivity for distinguishing ureteral calculi and smaller calculi (<5mm) is poor. Ultrasonography is quite often a decent introductory decision and, in uncomplicated circumstances, might be all that is required. Objectives: To Determine the sonographic Association of Renal Stones in Adults with Family History. Materials and Methods: Cross sectional analytical study were carried out at the Department of Radiology in Mansorah Hospital Lahore, Pakistan. Duration of study were from April 2018 to Sep 27, 2018. 100 adults coming to the radiology department. Transabdominal ultrasound was carried out in supine position. All data was analysis by Statistical Software for Social Sciences (SPSS version 24). Mean and standard deviation (SD) were calculated for continuous variables. Frequency and percentages were calculated for continuous variables. Results: Total number of patients taken in this study were 100. Among them, patients with renal stones were 81(80.2%). There were 56(55.4%) females and 45(44.6%) were males. In 12(11.9%) stones were present in both kidneys, 30(29.7%) stones were present in left kidney and 46(45.5%) stones were present in the right kidney. In 21(20.8%) patients, hematuria is absent and in 80(79.2%) patients, hematuria is present. Patients with a positive family history were 81 (80.2%) and those with negative family history were 20(19.8%). The mean age was 36.18. Conclusions: Ultrasound is a valuable diagnostic imaging technique for the assessment of kidney stones in the patients having flank pain .It is very reliable in the diagnosis of renal stones in adults.
Keywords: right kidney, left kidney, ultrasound, nephrolithiasis, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.
Int. J. Grad. Res. Rev.Vol-5, Issue-2: 166-170