Scoping the Potential of Microorganisms for Increasing the Productivity in Agricultural System: An Overview
Faculty of Agriculture, Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Nepal
Int. J. Grad. Res. Rev. Vol 6(4): 131-136
Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Graduate Research and Review
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
There is growing evidence that demonstrates the hazard of inorganic chemicals on the soil, ecosystem, and agriculture. The awareness of the public towards the health, environment, and economy prioritizes the search for alternate technology. The microbial world is the largest unexplored reservoir of biodiversity which performs variety of essential functions like nutrient recycling, environmental detoxification. Careful selection of the specific microbial species for the particular crop is integral for its biocontrol, bio fertilization, and phytostimulation. The beneficial microbes around the rhizosphere perform multiple functions like fixation of nitrogen, solubilization of phosphate, mobilization of potassium, improvement of the soil aggregation, resistance against pest and diseases, release of plant growth-promoting chemicals and hormones. The commercial administration of microbes inoculated bio effectors in the agriculture increases the productivity of the crop with no risk to the environment. Also, biotechnology applied with microbial genome widens the scope for developing resistance against a wide range of host specific pathogen. This review highlights the recent progress in the microbial world with the aim to increase the productivity of the crops maintaining a sustainable environment.
Keywords: Biocontrol; Bio fertilization; Phytostimulation; Productivity